Selasa, 26 Juni 2012

Komodo Dragon

The Biggest Animals Kingdom and in The World | Komodo Dragon | The Komodo dragon is also known as the Komodo Monitor or the Komodo Island monitor in scientific literature, although this is not very often. The Komodo dragon is believed to be differentiated from its Australian ancestors 4 million years ago. However, the fossil evidence recently that the Komodo dragon Queensland developed in Australia for the first time in Indonesia. Drastic reductions in sea level during the last glaciation discovered long stretches of the continental shelf that the Komodo dragon climbed populated and isolated island in its current range compared to the level of the sea below. In nature, an adult Komodo dragon usually weighs about 70 kilograms (150 pounds), although captive specimens often weigh more. The largest verified wild specimen was 3.13 meters (10 ft 3 in) long and weighed 166 kg (370 lb), including undigested food. The Komodo dragon has a long tail like his body, as well as about 60 frequently replaced serrated teeth capable of measuring up to 2.5 cm (1 inch) in length. 

The Komodo dragon prefers hot and dry places, and usually lives in dry open grasslands, savannas and rainforests at low altitude. Komodo dragons are solitary, coming together only to breed and eat. The prey, the capture is out of reach, the Komodo dragon may stand on its hind legs using its tail as a prop. As the Komodo dragon matures, its claws are used primarily as a weapon, such as large size makes climbing impractical. For accommodation, the Komodo dragon digs holes of 1-3 meters (3-10 feet) wide, with its powerful claws capable of measuring and front legs. Females are antagonistic and resist with their claws and teeth in the early stages of courtship. Other courtship between men scratched his chin on the female, hard scratches on his back, and licking.

Komodo dragons may be monogamous and form "pair bonds", a rare behavior for lizards to be. The female lays its eggs in caves dug into a hillside or deserted nest in the hills of Orange-footed Scrubfowl (a moundbuilder or megapode), with a preference for the desolate hills. Clutches contain an average of 20 eggs have an incubation period of 7-8 months. Young Komodo dragons spend much of their early life in the trees where they are relatively safe from predators, including cannibalistic adults, the young dragon to take 10% of their diet. Komodo dragons about three to five years to mature and can live up to 50 years The Komodo dragon is an endangered species and IUCN Red List, there are approximately 4,000 to 5,000 Komodo dragons live in the wild found.


Their populations are on islands Gili Motang (100), Gili Dasami (100), Rinca (1,300), Komodo (1700) and Flores (perhaps 2,000) limit. However, there are concerns that there are currently only 350 breeding females allay these concerns, the Komodo National Park was established in 1980 to protect the Komodo dragon populations on islands such as Komodo, Rinca and Padar. Later, the Wae Wuul Wolo Tado and reserves were opened on Flores, the Komodo dragon to help with conservation.

Komodo dragons, to avoid encounters with humans. The older animals will retreat even from people from a shorter distance. While there are stories of unprovoked attack Komodo dragons or hunt for people, most of these reports or not caused by bites or serious defensive. The volcanic activity, earthquakes, loss of habitat, fire, loss of prey due to poaching, tourism and illegal poaching of these dragons have contributed to the state of emergency Komodo dragon. On Padar, a former resident of the Komodo Dragon was extinct, the last of which individuals were observed in 1975. 

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