Senin, 25 Juni 2012



The Biggest Animals Kingdom and in The World | Leopard | Leopards are agile and stealthy predator. The muscles attached to scapula are exceptionally strong, which increase their ability to climb trees. Males are about 30% larger than females, weighing 30-91 kg (66-200 lbs), compared to 23 to 60 kg (51 to 130 pounds) for females. Big men up to 91 kg (£ 200) have been documented in the Kruger National Park in South Africa, however, men of the coastal mountains of South Africa average 31 kg (68 pounds) and females of the edge of the desert in Somalia average of 23 to 27 kg (51 to 60 pounds). The smaller subspecies of leopard is usually the Arabian leopard (P. p. Nimr), the deserts of the Middle East, with the adult females of the race weighs only 17 kg (37 pounds). Other subspecies of large, in which males weigh up to 91 kg (200 £), is the Sri Lankan leopard (P. p. Kotiya) and the Anatolian leopard (P. p. Tulliana). These tend to be more leopards are found in areas that lack tigers and lions, thereby placing the leopard on top of the food chain without restriction of competition of large prey size. The largest leopards recorded weighed 96.5 kg (213 lb). 

The body of the leopard is relatively long, and their legs are short. Leopards show a great diversity of color patterns displayed and the rosette. The rosettes are circular in East Africa, but tend to be more square in southern Africa and higher in Asian populations. Leopards can sometimes be confused with two other big cats paintings, the cheetah, which can coexist with in Africa, and the jaguar, a Neotropical species that naturally coexist. However, the patterns of dots in each are different: the cheetah has simple black spots, evenly distributed, the jaguar has small spots inside the rosettes polygonal, while the leopard is usually round, rosettes smaller than the jaguar. The jaguar is more like building a leopard, but is generally larger and looks more muscular and bulky. In ancient times, a leopard was believed to be a hybrid of a lion and a panther, which is reflected in its name, which is composed of a greek λέων leon (lion) and brown πάρδος (male panther). The Greek word is related to Sanskrit पृदाकु pṛdāku (snake, tiger, panther), and probably derives from a Mediterranean language, like the Egyptian.

Black Panther refers to leopards with melanic genes, which are not infrequent in forest habitats. The generic component of its modern scientific name, Panthera pardus, derives from the Latin via Greek πάνθηρ (Panther). In sub-Saharan Africa, the species is still numerous and even thriving in marginal environments, where other large cats disappeared. But the people of North Africa may be extinct The data on its distribution in Asia are not consistent-populations of the south-west and central Asia are small and fragmented, in North-East, are in grave danger, but the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and China, leopards are still relatively abundant. their number is greater than that of other species Panthera all face conservation concerns more acute. Leopards live mainly in grasslands, woodlands and riverine forests. They are usually associated with savanna and rainforest, but leopards are extremely adaptable: the Russian Far East, inhabiting the temperate forests where winter temperatures reach a minimum of -25 ° C (-13 ° F). 

The leopards are elusive, solitary and largely nocturnal. Level of activity varies depending on the type of habitat and prey that hunt. Radio tracking and analysis of feces in West Africa showed that rainforest leopards are more likely to be diurnal and crepuscular. Forest leopards are also more specialized in prey selection and exhibit seasonal differences in activity patterns. Leopards are known for their ability to climb and have been observed resting on the branches of the trees during the day, dragging their kills the trees and hang them there, and head down trees. Depending on the region, leopards may mate all year round. Young skin tends to be larger and thicker than that of adults. Leopards have been reported to reach 21 years in captivity.

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