Sabtu, 04 Agustus 2012



The Biggest Animals Kingdom and in The World | Antelope | The Pronghorn of North America, sometimes colloquially known as pronghorn antelope, is a member of the family Bovidae, but the family Antilocapridae and is therefore not a true antelope. The horns of the Pronghorn and the antlers of deer, however two of the horns of antelopes which, at first, if true antelope horns of different shapes, depending on the type, or straight, curved, or otherwise, and though their horns have cores of living bone, their horns are always unbranched. Second, the antelope horn never throw, either completely as in the antlers of the deer, or partially, as in the Pronghorn.

Apart from not throwing their horns, antelope and Bovids in general, differ from other deer in different points. The most obvious is that their horns a few years of life with strong bone, thick layers of dead horn tissue is covered, while the antlers, the deer, which they covered with living skin ("velvet"), as they grow. In 1607 was first used for residential, deer animals. There are 91 species, most of which belong in Africa, in about 30 genera. Antelope are not cladistic or taxonomically defined group. Usually all types Alcelaphinae, Antilopinae, Hippotraginae, Reduncinae, Cephalophinae, many Bovinae, the Grey buck, and the Impala are called antelopes. No species of antelope are native to Australia and Antarctica.

Other species of antelope native to Africa than any other continent, but some come in Asia. The Arabian Peninsula is home to the Arabian Oryx and Dorcas gazelle. India is home to nilgai, chinkara, black buck, Tibetan antelope, and four horned antelope, while both Russia and Central Asia, the Tibetan antelope and the Saiga antelope. Many species of antelope have been to other parts of the world, especially the United States, imported for exotic hunting. With the spectacular jumps and dodge potential of some species can escape to the individual. Texas has a particularly high number of gaming ranches, as well as environment and climate very hospitable to Asian and African plains antelope species.

Antelope exist in a variety of habitats. There are many species of antelope more remote forest, and the extreme cold-adapted live Saiga, desert Arabian Oryx, the rocky cup-living klipspringer, and semi-aquatic sitatunga. Antelope are often classified by their reproductive behavior. Small antelope, such as thick-Diks are monogamous as a rule. Major forest types are often very small herds of 2-4 females and one male. Some species, such as lechwe seek a breeding system leak. Large grazing antelope, wildebeest and impala as form large flocks, consisting of many females and one male, all other men, who often struggle excludes made. Antelope, a number of defense strategies to pursue, often determined by their morphology.

Large antelope, to gather in large herds, including wildebeest numbers and focus on speed for protection. Many forest antelope rely on cryptic color and a good ear, in order to avoid predators. Forest antelope often have very large ears and a dark color or striped. Open grassland species have nowhere to hide from predators, so they tend to be fast runners. Reaction distances may vary, depending on the type and the Predator Predator behavior. A number of subspecies are in danger, including the Gazelle Giant Sable antelope and Mhorr.

The species showed a sharp decline and is particularly vulnerable. It is difficult to determine how long antelope live in the wild. The preference of the predators to old and weak people who do not wear a top speed, a few wild prey animals live as long as their biological potential. In the wild, a few individuals of prey to an advanced life Middle Ages, when the old and weak, easy prey for predators, antelopes are no exception to this rule, a variety of antelope hybrids have taken in zoos, wildlife parks, ranches, and wildlife. This is divided by a lack of meaningful units with buddies in other species or a misidentification of species. The ease of hybridization shows how closely related some antelope species. With few exceptions, most hybrids are only antelope in captivity. Most hybrids occur between species within the same sex.
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