Jumat, 31 Agustus 2012



The Biggest Animals Kingdom and in The World | Camel | The average life expectancy of a camel is 40 to 50 years. Male dromedary camels in the neck is an unusual institution called a Dulla, a large inflatable bag that a male extruded out of his mouth when in rut, to assert dominance and attract females. See camels mating Camels do not store water in their humps is so often thought. Concentration of body fat in their humps minimizes heat-trapping insulation throughout the rest of her body that. Camels are able to changes in body temperature and water consumption that would kill most other animals recognize resist. Camels can withstand at least 20-25% weight loss due to sweating (most mammals can only withstand about 15% dehydration before cardiac failure results circulatory problems). Her blood remains hydrated when the lost body fluids until it reaches 25%.

Camels eat green herbs can take sufficient moisture in milder conditions to drink their bodies' hydrated state without the need. Thick coats Camels isolated 'from the intense heat radiated from desert sand. A shaved camel has to sweat 50% more to avoid overheating. Camels are known to swim. The kidneys and intestines of a camel are very efficient at keeping water. Camel urine comes as a thick syrup and camel feces are so dry that they stoke the fire. The most recent study used flow-sorted camel chromosomes building undoubtedly the camel karyotype (2n = 74), consisting of one metacentric, three submetacentric and 32 acro centric autosomes. By molecular data, the New World and Old World camelids make 11 Ma. The dromedary-guanaco inter-specific hybrid provided the ideal platform for the karyotypes of Old World and New World camels compare.

The cama is a camel / llama hybrid of scientists to see how close were the parent species was bred. The dromedary is six times the weight of a llama, hence artificial insemination was the llama female (llama male to female dromedary tests have proven) necessary to impregnate. The short ears and long tail of a camel, no hump and cloven hooves instead of the llama-like camel-like pads Four years ago, the cama sexually mature and attracted female llamas and guanacos. Because camels and llamas each have 74 chromosomes, scientists hope that the cama will be fertile. If so, there is potential for increasing size, meat / wool yield and pack / draft ability in South American camels. Dromedary-Bactrian hybrids are called bukhts are larger than the two parents, a single hump and are good draft camels. The females can be linked back to a Bactrian to produce ¾-bred camels.

Fossil evidence shows that the ancestors of modern camels in North America during the Palaeogene period (see also Camelops) develops and later spread to most parts of Asia. The earliest known camel called Protylopus lives in North America 40 to 50 million years ago (during the Eocene). It Aepycamelus the long neck and fast flowing, light Stenomylus Three million years ago, developed the direct ancestor of modern camels, Procamelus. Within a million years his descendants moved to South America (where it finally vicuña, alpaca and llama) and Asia (where they would Bactrian camel and dromedary camels). Separated far enough by genetic drift, the Asian and South American camels still artificially crossed below Cama see. The last camel in North America was home Camelops hesternus disappeared along with horses, cave bears, mammoths and mastodons, cave lions, sabertooth cats, and most other large animals on the continent, which coincided with the migration of people from Asia The people of ancient Somalia were the first domesticated camels well before 2000 BC. Most camels survive today are either domesticated or wild, are only returned to the wild.

Camels may have first domesticated by man in southwest Arabia, from 6000 to 3400 years ago, the. Bactrian Central Asia 2,500 years ago Camel milk is a staple food of desert nomads, and is considered a whole food, nomads nothing camel milk for up to six months. Camel milk is rich in vitamins, minerals, proteins and immunoglobulins. It has less fat and cholesterol fat than cow milk. Bedouins believe that the curative powers of camel milk are enhanced if the camel diet consists of certain desert plants. Camel milk can be easily prepared in a drinkable yogurt, but not to be less than cow or goat milk components set. Camel milk can not be produced by churning butter in the traditional method. Until recently, camel milk could not be made into camel cheese, rennet, because it was unable to coagulate the milk proteins should be allowed to collect the curd.

Sale of camel cheese is produced due to the low power of the individual milk products currently camel cheese and the absence of camel cheese in most cultures camel limited. Cheeses from countries that traditionally breed camels are difficult to obtain due to restrictions on dairy imports from these regions. Camel milk is made into ice at a camel farm in the Netherlands A camel carcass, a substantial amount of meat. The carcass of a female camel (or camel) weighs less than the male, ranging between 250 and 350 kg (550 and 770 lb). The hump contains "white and sickly fat" that can be used to "Khli" (canned) from sheep, cow or camel. It is reported that camel meat tastes like coarse beef, but older camels can prove to be very difficult and less palatable. The meat from older camels is best prepared by slow cooking. Camel meat is low in fat and can dry taste. The Abu Dhabi Officers' Club serves a camel burger, as the meat is mixed with beef or lamb fat can. Improve both the texture and flavor In Karachi, Pakistan the exclusive Nihari restaurants prepare this dish from camel meat, while the general restaurants prepare beef or buffalo meat.

Camel meat eaten for centuries. The ancient Roman emperor Heliogabalus enjoyed camel heel. Camel meat is still in certain regions, including Somalia (where it says Hilib yellow), Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Kazakhstan and other arid regions where alternative forms of protein may be limited or where camel meat has a cultural long History eaten. In the Middle East camel meat is the rarest and most valuable source Pastirma. Camel meat is also occasionally found in Australian cuisine, for example, a camel lasagne in Alice Springs and Indian restaurants in Sydney's curry serve camel. The Horn of Africa alone has the largest concentration of camels in the world where the camels are an important part of local nomadic life. The Bactrian camel is now reduced to an estimated 1.4 million animals, mostly domesticated. A small population of introduced camels, dromedaries and Bactrians survived in the Southwest United States until the second half of the 20th Century. Twenty-three Bactrian camels were brought to Canada during the Cariboo Gold Rush.
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