Jumat, 21 September 2012



The Biggest Animals Kingdom and in The World | Gharial | Like all large crocodiles, gharials life begins quite low. Young gharials, a length of 1 m (3.3 feet) in 18 months. The average body weight of the species 159-250 kg (350-550 lb). Gharials exceeded in length only by the saltwater crocodile. Gharials tail "well developed laterally flattened and webbed rear feet provide tremendous maneuverability in their deepwater habitats. On land, however, an adult gharial only to push forward and slide on the belly. Continued improvement of swimming ability, body shape gavial relatively cylindrical, compared to the larger, more well-built body of water or a Nile crocodile salt for the detection of different prey consists edges of streams. The gharial's long narrow snout is proportionally shorter and thicker as an animal ages. Growth bulb at the end of the mouth of a crocodile man gharials accessible as sexual dimorphism.

The Nepali word Ghara घड़ा means earthenware pot, water, vase, pitcher. cheeks are nested, sharp teeth lined 27 to 29 above and 25 or 26 lower teeth on each side. Opening is a nasal gharial is smaller than the above-temporal pit. the front lower edge of the track (Jugal) is raised and lower jaws is extremely long, arranged in 23 or 24 teeth. nuchal and dorsal scales form a shield 21 or 22 continuous transverse series. gavials an outer row of scales soft, smooth or slightly beside keeled dorsal bone platesTypically, adult gharials dark olive color, while boys are pale olive, with dark brown spots or cross bands

Gharials once in all the major rivers of the Indian subcontinent, spread over prospered rivers in the northern part of the Indus in Pakistan through the Gangetic plains of the Irrawaddy in Myanmar. Today, they disappeared in the river Indus, the Brahmaputra of Bhutan and Bangladesh and in the Irrawaddy River. Their distribution is limited to only 2% of their former range India are small populations exist and takes into rivers Chambal National Sanctuary, Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, Son River Sanctuary and the rainforest biome of Mahanadi in Satkosia Gorge Sanctuary, Orissa, where they apparently can not reproduce

In Nepal, small populations are present and slowly recovering in tributaries of the Ganges, the river Rapti-Narayani system in Chitwan National Park and the Karnali-Babai river system in Bardia National Park. The saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) in the Irrawaddy Delta In 1977, four nests in the river Girwa Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, where 909 gharials were published until 2006. In 1978, twelve nests in the Chambal river in National Chambal Sanctuary, where 3776 and 2006 were released gharials included. Newborns are particularly vulnerable to downstream protected areas emptied during the annual monsoon flooding Unlike most crocodiles.

More than 5,000 young gharials were released in very inhospitable habitats in rivers Indian and Nepalese and their future. Gharials are bred in captivity in the National Chambal Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh and in the Gharial Breeding Centre in Nepal, Chitwan National Park, where they. In general, two to three years and may be increased by an average of about one meter, when released In India, they are also in the Madras Crocodile Bank Trust, Indira Gandhi Zoological Park, Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park held in Bokaro Steel City, Bangalore Bannerghatta Zoo, Junagadh Zoo and Biological Park Itanagar. The National Zoological Gardens of Sri Lanka and Singapore zoo keep each breeding pair.

Japanese Nogeyama Zoo has two wives. United States will be held at the Honolulu Zoo, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, Fort Worth Zoo, San Diego Zoo Farm, National Zoological Park, the San Antonio Zoo and Aquarium and the St. Augustine Alligator. The French crocodile farm La Ferme aux Crocodiles, six young people in May 2000 by the Gharial Breeding Centre in Nepal
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