Selasa, 04 September 2012



The Biggest Animals Kingdom and in The World | Hyena | Hyenas have relatively short torsos, and are very solid and wolf-like in construction, but a slight hindquarters, high withers and sloping shoulders their significantly down compared to their tails. Hyenas are digitigrade, with the front and hind legs with four digits each and sporting bulging pawpads. How canids, hyenas have short, blunt, non-retractable claws. With the exception of the spotted hyena, hyaenids have striped fur, probably inherited from their ancestors viverrid. Hyenas no baculum. Hyenas an extra pair of ribs canines and their rough tongues like those of cats and viverrids. Males in most hyena species are larger than females, although the spotted hyena is exceptional, because it is the female of the species that transcends and dominates the man. In addition, in contrast to other hyena external genitalia of the female spotted hyena very similar to that of the male.

The strength of the jaws is such that both striped and spotted hyena are listed on dogs kill with a bite to the neck without skin. The secretions are mainly used for marking territory, though both the aardwolf and the striped hyena will spray if they are attacked. When attacked by lions or dogs, and brown striped hyenas will feign death, although the spotted hyena will fiercely defend. The spotted hyena is very vocal, producing a variety of different sounds consisting of screams, grunts, groans, lows, giggles, cries, grunts, groans and laughter. The striped hyena is relatively quiet, the sounds limited to a chattering laugh and cry.

The link between hyenas involves a series of short links with short intervals, unlike canids, usually intervene in a process in copula. Spotted hyena cubs are born almost fully developed, with eyes open and incisors and canines erupt, while unmarked adults. In contrast, striped hyena cubs are born with adult markings, closed eyes and small ears. Hyenas not vomit food for their young male spotted hyenas and have no role in raising their puppies, even though male striped hyenas do. The striped hyena is primarily a scavenger, although sometimes attack and kill a defenseless animal can be overcome, and supplement their diet with fruit.

An aardwolf can eat 300,000 Trinervitermes a single output Spotted hyenas vary in their folkloric and mythological scenes, depending on the ethnic group from which the stories. It is often difficult to know whether spotted hyenas are the specific hyena species present in these stories, particularly in West Africa, as both spotted and striped hyenas are often given the same names. In Tanzania, there is a belief that witches use spotted hyenas as mounts. The Kaguru Tanzania and South Kujamaat Senegal view hyenas as inedible and greedy hermaphrodites. A mythical African tribe called Bouda is known that the members of the house can be transformed into hyenas. In the Near and Middle East, striped hyenas are generally regarded as physical incarnations of jinns. Arab writer Al-Quazweeni (1204-1283) spoke of a tribe of people called Al-Dabeyoun meaning "hyena people".

Al-Doumairy in his writings Hawayan Al-Koubra (1406) wrote that striped hyenas were creatures vampires who attacked people at night and sucked the blood from the neck. He also wrote that hyenas only attacked brave people. Arab folklore tells of how hyenas can victims spellbound with their eyes or sometimes with their pheromones. The image of striped hyenas in Afghanistan, India and Palestine is more varied. Though feared, striped hyenas were also a symbol of love and fertility, leading to numerous varieties of love medicine derived from hyena body parts. Among the Baluch and in northern India, witches or wizards said that striped hyenas night driving. The striped hyena is mentioned in the Bible. The Arabic word for striped hyenas, dhubba, alluded in a valley in Israel known as Shaqq-ud-Diba (meaning "cleft of the hyenas") and Wadi-Abu-Diba (meaning "valley of the hyenas").

The modern Hebrew word for hyena tzebua or zevoa, which literally means "creature of color." Under hyenas, only the spotted hyena and the stripes are known as man-eaters. Hyenas are known to have preyed on humans in prehistory: human hair is found fossil hyena dung from 257,000 years 195000 Some paleontologists believe that competition and predation by cave hyenas in Siberia was a major factor in delaying human colonization of Alaska . Hyenas may occasionally stolen human kills, or entered campsites to drag off the young and weak, just like modern spotted hyenas in Africa. The oldest human remains Alaska coincide with about the same time cave hyenas became extinct, causing some paleontologists to infer that hyena predation was what prevented humans from crossing the Bering Strait before.

Dogs used to capture human behavior can seem fat people to live to develop, hyena attacks on people in South Sudan rose during the second Sudanese civil war, when the human cadavers were available to them. Although spotted hyenas do prey on people in modern times, incidents are rare. However, according SGDRN (Sociedade para a Gestão Desenvolvimento and Reserva do Niassa Mozambique), attacks on people of spotted hyenas are likely to be underestimated. According to hyena expert Dr. Hans Kruuk, man-eating spotted hyenas are usually very large specimens: A pair of man-eating hyenas, responsible for killing 27 people in Mlanje, Malawi in 1962, were weighed at 72 kg (159 lb ) and 77 kg (170 lb) after being hit.

Victims of spotted hyenas tend to be women, children and sick or disabled men: Theodore Roosevelt wrote about the way in 1908-1909 in Uganda, spotted hyenas regular patients of African sleeping sickness slain in their sleep outside in the fields. Spotted hyenas are widely feared in Malawi, where they are known to occasionally attack people at night, especially during the hot season when people sleep outside. Hyena attacks were widely reported in a clear and Phalombe of Malawi, north of Michesi Mountain.

Under normal circumstances, striped hyenas are very shy around people, although they may exhibit bold behavior towards people overnight. In rare cases, striped hyenas preyed on humans. In 1880 a hyena reported to have attacked people, especially children, sleeping over a three year period in the Province Iğdır, with 25 children and 3 adults injured in a year. The attacks have caused local authorities announcing a reward of 100 rubles for killing each hyena. Cases are known in Azerbaijan of striped hyenas killing children sleeping in courtyards during 1930 and 1940. In 1942 a sleeping guard torn in his hut by a hyena in Golyndzhakh. The cases of children taken by hyenas at night are known in the south-east of Turkmenistan Bathyz Nature Reserve. Several attacks have occurred in India in 1962, nine children were believed to have been taken by hyenas in the town of Bhagalpur in Bihar state in a period of six weeks and 19 children under four years were killed by hyenas in Karnataka, Bihar in 1974.
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