The Biggest Animals Kingdom and in The World | African Elephant | The African elephant is the largest living animal on earth. African elephant trunk ends in two opposing lips, whereas the stem ends of the Asian elephant with a single lip. African bush elephants are larger than Asian elephants. The largest recorded specimen was four meters (13.1 feet) at the shoulder and weighs 10 tonnes (10 long tons, 11 tons). The African elephant in the East, South and West Africa are either in dense forest and mopane forests, miombo Sahelian scrub or deserts. Poaching significantly the population of Loxodonta in certain regions during the 20th century reduced. The African elephant nominally has governmental protection, but poaching for the ivory trade can devastate populations.
Protection of African elephants has become high in many countries. In 1989, the Wildlife Service Kenya burnt a stockpile of tusks in protest against the ivory trade. Some states allow sport hunting of elephants. A major issue in elephant conservation is the conflicts between elephants and a growing human population. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Elephant Specialist Group Africa has to work at the site, a group of human-elephant conflicts that make studying the conservation of the species, which has the potential to affect human populations.
The MOU aims to protect elephant populations in West Africa through the provision of an international framework for range state governments, scientists and environmental organizations in the conservation of species and habitats together.