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Selasa, 24 Juli 2012

Lion

  
The Biggest Animals Kingdom and in The World | Lion | Traditionally, the last 12 subspecies of the lion recognized leading mane appearance, size and distribution. While the status of the Asiatic lion (P. l. Persica) as a subspecies, are generally accepted to be systematic link between the African lions are still not fully resolved. Mitochondrial changes in living African lions seemed to be modest in the light of some new research, so that all sub-Saharan lions are sometimes considered a subspecies. However, recent studies demonstrated the lions of the West and Central Africa differ genetically from the lions of southern and eastern Africa. According to this study, West Africa, lions are more closely related to Asian lions than in the South and East Africa lions. These results can be attributed to the late Pleistocene extinction event of lions in West and Central Africa and the subsequent re-colonization of parts of Asia.

Lions of Tsavo in Eastern Kenya are much closer genetically lions in Transvaal (South Africa) than those in Aberdare Range in Western Kenya. Another study showed that there are three major types of lions, one of North Africa and Asia, one of South Africa and Central Africa. The Asiatic lion Persica was most striking, and the Cape lion has an association with P. l. Persica, than the other sub-Saharan lions. He analyzed 58 skulls of lions in three European museums were lions breed with tigers (usually the Siberian and Bengal subspecies) to hybrids called ligers and tiglons (or tigons) to make known. Marozi supposedly spotted lion or a naturally leopon, while the Congolese spotted lion, jaguar, lion, leopard complex called hybrid lijagulep.


Liger is a cross between a male lion and a tigress. Since the growth inhibiting gene from the female tiger absence contributes to the growth of the gene passed on to the male lion, as a result of ligers much larger than their parents. Males had a 50% chance of a mane, but if they grow their manes are modest: about 50% of net mane of a lion. Behind only the tiger, the lion is the second largest living cat in height and weight. Lion color varies from light buff to yellowish, reddish or dark ochraceous. Lions are the only members of the family to cat, for obvious sexual dimorphism, wherein male and female look very different display. For example, the lion, the hunter does not have a thick mane of men. The color of the male's mane varies from blond to black, tend to become darker as the lion ages.


Weight of adult lions are between 150 to 250 kg (330 to 550 lb) for males and 120-182 kg (264-400 pounds) for women. Nowell and Jackson report average weight of 181 kg (400 lb) for males and 126 kg (280 pounds) for women. For example, lions in South Africa, usually about 5 percent heavier than in East Africa as a whole.The tail length of 90-105 cm (2 meters 11 inches - 3 feet 5 inches) in males and in females 70-100 cm (2 feet 4 inches - 3 feet 3 inches). The longest known lion, nearly 3.6 m (12 ft) in total length, black-maned male was shot near Mucsso, in southern Angola in October 1973, the heaviest known lion in the wild man-eater shot in 1936 in the immediate vicinity Hectorspruit in the Eastern Transvaal, South Africa and weighed 313 kg (690 pounds). Another special over sized lion was shot near Mount Kenya, with a weight of 272 kg (600 pounds).


Lions in captivity tend to be larger than the lions in the wild lion on record heaviest man in the Colchester Zoo in England named Simba in 1970, who weighed 375 kg (826 pounds). However, also the maximum head and body length of 250 cm (8 feet 2 inches) and comes to an extinct Pleistocene forms, such as the American lion, with more modern lions from a few centimeters shorter The most distinctive feature shared by both women and men, is that the tail ends in a hairy bunch. In some lions, a bunch of lies hard "spine", or "spur", approximately 5 mm, were the last parts of tail bone fused. Lions are powerful animals who usually hunt in coordinated groups and stalk their chosen prey.


lioness is one who hunt for the pride, like the lion is aggressive in nature. lion usually remains and looks at his young lioness waiting to return to hunting. Usually several lions work together and encircle the herd from different angles. extraction and it can be slain by lion enclosing the animal mouth and nostrils into the mouth (which also leads to suffocation). Fewer victims, however, can only be slain by a lion cloth pawThe prey consists mainly of large mammals, with a preference for wildebeest, impalas, zebras, buffalo and wild boar in Africa and nilgai, wild boar, deer and various types of India. Many other types of hunting, subject to availability.


Lions hunt in groups suitable for the removal of most of the animals, even in healthy adults, but in most of their range they are rarely very large prey such as adult male giraffe to attack on the risk of injury. Extensive statistics collected over various studies show that lions normally feed on mammals in the range of 190-550 kg (420-1210 pounds). In Africa, the wildebeest in the top of the preferred prey (which is almost half lion prey in the Serengeti), and later the zebra. For example, in the Kruger National Park, giraffes are regularly hunted in Manyara Park, Cape buffalo is a whopping 62% of the diet of a lion, as a result of the high density of buffalo. In some areas, lions specialize in hunting atypical prey, this is the case at the Savuti river, where they hunt elephants.


The Lions also attack cattle in India cattle contribute significantly to their diet. Lions are capable of killing other predators such as leopards, cheetahs, hyenas and wild dogs, but (unlike most cats), they rarely engulf competitors after killing them. An adult lioness requires an average of about 5 kg (11 pounds) of meat per day, a man of about 7 kg (15.5 lbs). Because lionesses hunt in open spaces where it is easy to see their prey, hunting each other increases the chances of a successful hunt, this is particularly true for the larger species. Lions and spotted hyenas occupy the same ecological niche (and competing), where they coexist. Lions are usually ignored noted hyenas, as they kill or harassed by them, and secondly, as a rule much to respond to the presence of the lions, there is food or not.
 

Lions capture of hyena kills noticed: in the Ngorongoro Crater, it is common for lions, consisting mainly in the kill stolen from the hyenas, hyena which increase the speed of the murder. The Lions quickly followed by calls of hyenas eating, and this fact was proved by Dr Hans Kruuk, who found that the Lions have repeatedly approached him when he played on the recordings of the calls of hyenas feeding. In the collision to kill lions, spotted hyenas, either leave or wait patiently for a distance of 30-100 meters (100-350 feet) to the Lions finished. In some cases, spotted hyenas are bold enough to eat with the lions, and sometimes it can get from killing a lion.


Lions may charge for hyenas and beat them for no apparent reason one of the male lion was shot with two hyenas matriarchy, in some cases without food, and a lion predation may reach 71% of all deaths in Etosha hyena. Spotted hyenas are often adapted mobbing lions on their territory. Lions tend to smaller felines such as cheetahs and leopards, where they occur together, to steal their prey and kill their young and even adults, to dominate the occasion. The cheetah has a 50% chance to lose to kill lions and other predators. Leopards also use this tactic, but have the advantage that there may be much better on small prey than either lions and cheetahs.

Unlike cheetahs, leopards can climb trees and use them to keep their baby and a lion kill. However, the lion occasionally successful in climbing a leopard kills. Even lions dominate African wild dogs, not only taking their kills but also preying on the young, and (rarely) adult dogs. The population density of wild dogs in the low areas where the lions are abundant. Nile crocodile is the only sympatric predator (besides man), the lion who can only threaten. Depending on the size of the crocodile and the lion, as you can lose kills or carrion to another. The Lions are known for crocodiles venturing onto the ground dead, while the reverse is true for lions entering waterways as evidenced by a lion claw occasionally found in the stomach of a crocodile. About 300 lions live in a 1412 km2 (545 square miles) sanctuary in Gujarat, covering most of the forest cover. Their numbers are slowly increasing When resting, lion socialization occurs through multiple behaviors and expressive movements are highly developed animal. Males tend to rub other males, while cubs and women rubbing women. Head and neck are the most common parts of the body licked, which can result from the utility as a lion can not lick these areas individually. The Lions have an array of facial expressions and postures that are visual gestures. Lion sounds are growling, hissing, coughing, meowing, barking and roaring. Lions tend to roar in a very characteristic manner, starting with a few deep, long roars that trail of a series of shorter.
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