Jumat, 27 Juli 2012



The Biggest Animals Kingdom and in The World | Snake | Snake English word comes from Old English snaca, in turn, from Proto-Germanic * snack en (cf. the German "snake" Schnake, the Swedish "snake» snok), from Proto-Indo-European root * (s) neg -or-"crawl," "creep," which also has stealth, as well as the Sanskrit naga "snake." There are over 2,900 species of snakes ranging as far north as the Arctic Circle in Scandinavia and southward through Australia. There are many islands, of which there are no snakes, such as Ireland, Iceland and New Zealand (although New Zealand waters are rarely visited by Coward sea snake banded Krait, and the sea), all snakes are strictly carnivorous, there are small animals, including lizards, other snakes, small mammals , birds, eggs, fish, snails and insects. Because snakes can not bite or tear food into pieces, they should swallow their prey whole. The size of the snake has a great influence on eating habits. Small snakes eat smaller prey.

The jaw of the snake is a complex structure. Contrary to popular belief that snakes can dislocate jaws, snakes have a very flexible lower jaw, the two halves that are not tightly linked, and many other compounds in their skull (see snake skull), allowing them to open your mouth wide enough to swallow their prey all even if it is larger in diameter than the same snake. For example, African snake egg supply has flexible jaws adapted for supplying the eggs are much larger than the diameter of the head of this snake has no teeth, but the bony protrusions on the inner side of his spine, which he uses to crack shells if there are eggs. Although most snakes are a lot of predatory animals, there are some specialization by some species. King Cobra and Australian hockey, bandy consume other snakes.

Other snakes kill their prey on the compression. After eating, snakes become dormant, and the process of digestion takes place. Being ectothermic (" cold blooded "), ambient temperature plays an important role in digestion snake. The ideal temperature for snakes to digest 30 ° C (86 ° F). Despite the different modes of play used by snakes all snakes use internal fertilization. Most snakes lay eggs, but most of the snakes leave their eggs after laying. Some species of snakes are Ovoviviparous and retain the eggs within their bodies until they are almost ready to hatch. When frightened or injured, most snakes prefer to avoid contact and do not attack people. With the exception of large snakes, nonvenomous snakes pose no threat to humans. Despite the possibility of infection and tissue damage is present in the bite of nonvenomous snakes, poisonous snakes are not dangerous, much more for men.

Documented deaths from snake bites are rare. Of the approximately 725 species of venomous snakes worldwide, only 250 are able to kill a man with one bite. The average Australian only fatal snake bite per year. In India, 250,000 snakes recorded in one year, with more than 50,000 deaths were registered early.The most common and effective method through an antidote (or antidote), serum from snake venom. In the U.S., for example, all kinds of poisonous snakes vipers, except for the coral snake. In some parts of the world, especially in India, the snake is a fascinating spectacle in the street magician performed. In this show, the serpent is a basket of snakes charm probably played tunes from her musical instrument, the flute, which responds to the serpent.

Wildlife Conservation Act of 1972 prohibits technically charm snakes in India due to reduction of cruelty to animals. Other snake charmers and snake and mongoose show, in which both animals mock-fight, but it's not very common, such as snakes and mongooses, may be seriously injured or killed. In general, capturing snakes with a stick only. Earlier Irulas caught thousands of snakes in the snake-skin industry. After the ban snake-skin industry in India and protection of all snakes in the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, they formed a joint Catcher Irula Snake and switched to catching snakes for removal of venom, releasing them into the wild after four extractions. Despite the existence of snake charmers, there have also been professional snake hunters and quarrelsome. Modern day snake capture includes herpetologist using a long stick with a V-shaped end.

Snake soup of Cantonese cuisine is consumed by local residents in the autumn, to warm their bodies. Western cultures document the consumption of snakes under extreme circumstances of hunger. In Asian countries like China, Taiwan, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam and Cambodia, drinking the blood of snakes, especially cobras are believed to increase sexual virility. In some Asian countries, the use of snakes in alcohol taken. In such cases, the body of a snake or several snakes is soaked in a vase or beverage container. U.S. Army Special Forces trainees are taught to catch, kill and eat snakes during their survival, which earned them the nickname "snake eaters" video game Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, can be deduced from which to draw. Snake wine, alcoholic beverages produced by infusion of snakes in general, rice wine or alcohol.

In the western world, some snakes (especially docile species such as the ball python and corn snake) are kept as pets. Snakes bred in captivity are usually better pets and is considered preferable to captive animals. Snakes can be very low maintenance pets, especially compared with more traditional views. Snakes can be fed animals is relatively rare, usually every 5 to 14 days. Some snakes have a duration of more than 40 years of age, with proper care. Snakes are part of the worship of the Hindus. Most images of Lord Shiva depict snake around his neck. Puranas have various stories associated with snakes. Other important snakes in Hinduism, Ananta, Vasuki, Taxak, Karkotaka and Pingala. The term Naga is used to refer to individuals who take the form of large snakes in Hinduism and Buddhism.Snakes are widely revered as ancient Greece, where he saw a snake as a healer. Asclepius was dressed in a snake wrapped around his wand, the symbol seen today on many ambulances.

In religious terms, the snake and the jaguar, are undoubtedly the most important animals in Central America. In a state of ecstasy, dancing snake dancing masters, big snakes, decorate and maintain the buildings, which come from Chichen Itza in Tenochtitlan, and the Nahuatl word for snake coatl or twin beds, is part of the Divine as the main Mixcoatl, Quetzalcoatl and Coatlicue. Snake handlers using snakes as part of the worship of the Church, to show their belief in divine protection. Saint Patrick is known for that banished all snakes from Ireland, and the Christianization of the country in the 5th century, which explains the absence of snakes out there. The snake returns in Exodus when Moses, as a sign of God's power, turns his staff into a snake and when Moses Nehushtan, the bronze serpent on a pole that when looked at cured the people bitten by snakes that they suffered in the desert.

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