Minggu, 03 Maret 2013

Snow Leopard


The Biggest Animals Kingdom and in The World | Snow Leopard | Snow leopards are a bit smaller than the other big cats, but they have a wide range of sizes, usually weighs 27-55 kg (60,120 pounds), with a range of occasional tall men (75 kg 170 lbs) and small female less than 25 kg (55 lb). Snow leopards have long thick fur, and their base color varies from smoky gray to yellowish brown, with whitish below. Open your body with small spots of the same color on the head and large spots on the legs and tail uncommon in cats, eyes are green or gray. Snow leopards show several adaptations for living in a cold mountain. Your body is robust and its fur is thick, and their ears are small and rounded, which helps reduce heat loss. Code long snow leopards "and flexible, helping balance, which is very important in the rocky terrain they inhabit anywhere. The snow leopard has a short muzzle and domed forehead, helps unusually large nasal cavities, the animal breathes air, the cold of the mountains. The snow leopard can not roar, despite partial ossification of the hyoid bone. Snow leopard hisses, puffs, stables, grunts, groans.

The snow leopard was first described by Schreber in 1775, in the Kopet-Dag mountains of Turkmenistan and Iran. In the past, many taxonomists snow leopard in the genus Panthera, the other big cats exist, but that was in their way, ounces, it is supposed that are not closely related to Panthera or other big cats. However, recent molecular studies place the species in the genus Panthera, its closest relative of the tiger (Panthera tigris). MSW3 still like the snow leopard uncia uncia, but recent IUCN classifies them as Panthera uncia. A few subspecies have lived for animals in different geographical regions are presented. In summer, snow leopards usually live above the tree line in mountain pastures and rocky areas at an altitude of 2700-6000 m (8900 to 20.000 ft). Snow leopards prefer. Robust and easily in the snow up to 85 cm depth training (33 inches), although leopards prefer existing lines of other animals The snow leopard leads a lonely largely, although mothers girls in mountain caves to train longer.

An individual snow leopard lives in a large private house, but not aggressively defend their territory crossed by other snow leopards. Home ranges vary greatly in size. Like other cats, snow leopards use scent to mark their territory and common ways to indicate. Twilight Snow leopards are most active at dusk. Snow leopards are carnivores and actively hunt their prey. Like many cats, but they are also opportunistic investors eat any meat they can find, including carrion and domestic animals. Sometimes, in cats, snow leopards also eat a lot of vegetation, including grass and twigs. The diet of the snow leopard varies the offer and the time of year, and depends on prey availability. In the Himalayas, especially hunting bharals Himalayan blue (sheep) but in other mountain ranges such as the Karakoram, Tian Shan, Altai and Mongolia Tost Mountains, is the main prey of Siberian Argali Ibex, a species of sheep wild, although this is rare in some parts of the field as the snow leopard. Other large animals eat, if available, various types of wild goats and sheep (markhor and Uriel), other ruminants such as goats, Himalayan thar and as deer, mountain boars and langurs. Smaller prey consists of marmots, rabbits, rodents Pikas woolly, and various birds such as the snow cock and chukar.

Pastors kill snow leopards to prevent them. Under his pet loss of predators through the acquisition by grazing, poaching and animal welfare are the determinants of the declining population of snow leopard. The snow leopard is not reported to attack people and seem less aggressive to people of all big cats. Snow leopards prefer to ambush prey from above, with broken terrain to conceal their approach. They actively seek prey rugged mountains, with the dynamics of your first jump, animals up to 300 m (980 ft) to hunt. Annual requirements prey on adult blue sheep 20-30. Snow leopards cats rarely have a well defined peak in births. Snow Leopards have a gestation period of 90-100 days, while the young are born between April and June. Mating Snow Leopards usually associated feline stance times per day 12-36.
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