Senin, 25 Februari 2013



The Biggest Animals Kingdom and in The World | Groundhog | In regions with less natural predators and large amounts of alfalfa, groundhogs can grow to 80 cm (30 inches) and 14 kg (31 lbs). Groundhogs are well adapted for digging, with short limbs, but strong and curved, thick claws. Unlike other Sciuridae Groundhog spine is curved, more like a mole, and the tail is relatively short, only about a quarter of the body length. A dense undercoat and a long gray coat strips wardrobe, his marmot characteristic "frozen" gives: adapted to their habitats are temperate, with two layers of fur groundhog covered. Marmots in captivity are presented live from 9-14 years. Common predators for groundhogs are wolves, coyotes, foxes, bobcats, bears, large hawks and dogs. Marmot young people are often at risk of predation by snakes. Easily in the cave mainly herbivorous, groundhogs primarily eat wild grasses and other plants, including berries and agricultural crops when available. Marmots also eat grubs, grasshoppers, insects, snails and other small animals, but they are omnivores like most other Sciuridae. Hydrate marmots eat plants instead of drinking from a water source. Groundhogs are one of the few species that enter into standby mode where, often building a "hollow winter distinct" for this purpose. Marmots are generally day.

Despite his serious appearance, groundhogs are experienced swimmers and excellent tree climbers to escape predators or if they want to explore the surroundings. Marmots may squeal when fighting, seriously injured or captured by the enemy. marmots other sounds, barks are low and produces a squeaking sound teeth. marmots are afraid that if the hairs of the tail, so that the appearance of the tail of a hairbrush. The breeding season runs from early March to mid or late April, after hibernation. Some bound in the cave at the same time daygestation 31-32. If the birth of the young approaches in April or May, the male leaves the cave. Marmot young are weaned and ready to seek their own burrow 5-6 weeks. Marmots bred in captivity can be socialized relatively easily, but their aggressive nature can pose problems. 

United States and Canada, the annual celebration of Groundhog Day given the groundhog recognition and popularity, as in the film of the same name. Most popularly known of these groundhogs are Wiarton Willie and Punxsutawney Phil, are also needed in the Groundhog Day festivities in Wiarton, Ontario and Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania. A marmot famous south, General Beauregard Lee, the Yellow River Ranch Thurs suburb of Atlanta, Georgia. Marmots in medical research on liver cancer induced hepatitis B are used. Groundhog burrows are known from at least one archaeological site, including the site Ufferman exhibit in the U.S. state of Ohio.
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