Senin, 11 Maret 2013

Armadillo

 

The Biggest Animals Kingdom and in The World | Armadillo | Armadillos are small or medium-sized mammals. The smallest species is the pink fairy armadillo the size of a squirrel at 85 g (3.0 oz) and 11 cm (4.3 inches) in total length. The largest species, the giant armadillo, maybe the size of a small pig, weighing up to 60 kg (130 lb) and length of over 100 cm (39 inches). Many species use their sharp claws to dig for food, such as worms and dig dens. The nine-banded armadillo burrows in rather moist soil near streams, rivers and streams to the living and dining building. Ways armadillos programs vary but are mainly of insects, worms and other invertebrates. Some species, however, feed almost exclusively on ants and termites. As with other xenarthrans, armadillos generally low body temperature (33-36 ° C) and basal metabolic rate (40-60% of placental mammals from their expected mass). The underside of the animal is not armored, and is simply covered with soft skin and fur


This skin-armor seems the main defense of many armadillos, though. Escape most predators by fleeing (often in hard to reach areas from which their armor protects them) or digging to safety Only three bands South American armadillo (Tolypeutes) are highly dependent on their armor. If a predator species threatened Tolypeutes often roll into a ball. Other species of armadillos can not because too many boards are performed. North American Nine-banded Armadillo tends to jump in the air when surprised, and therefore often collides with the undercarriage or fenders of passing vehicles. Armadillos have very poor eyesight and use their sense of smell to hunt. They use their claws for digging and finding food and. Armadillos many choose not shared premolars and molars, but usually incisors or canines. Teething nine-banded armadillo P 7/7, M 1.1 = 32


The young are born with soft leathery skin, which hardens within a few weeks. They reach sexual maturity third December months, depending on the species. Armadillos are solitary animals that do not share their burrows with other adults.  (The leprosy bacterium is difficult to cultivate and armadillos have a body temperature of 34 ° C (93F), similar to human skin.) Human infection of leprosy in the treatment of armadillos or consumption contract armadillo meat. Armadillos are a presumed vector and natural reservoir of the disease in Texas and Louisiana. Because armadillos are from the New World, at some point the disease to humans. The armadillo is a natural reservoir of Chagas disease disease.The nine-banded armadillo is the science through its unusual reproductive system in which four genetically identical offspring are born, the result of the first egg.

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